کتاب مسخ

اثر فرانتس کافکا از انتشارات مجید (به سخن) - مترجم: صادق هدایت-داستان فلسفی

کتاب در قطع جیبی و شامل داستان های زیر است
مسخ
گراکوس شکارچی
شمشیر
در کنیسه ما

از متن پست کتاب: نویسندگان کمیابی هستند که برای نخستین بار ، سبک و فکر و موضوع تازه ای را به میان میکشند ،به خصوص معنی جدید می آورند که پیش از آنها وجود نداشته است. کافکا یکی از هنرمندترین نویسندگان این دسته به شمار می آید. خواننده ای که با دنیای کافکا سر و کار پیدا میکند، در حالی که خرد و خیره شده، به سویش کشیده میشود. همین که از آستانه دنیایش گذشت، تأثیر آن را در زندگی خود حس میکند و پی میبرد که دنیا آن قدر هم بن بست نبوده است


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One morning a young man woke up and decided he didnt want to leave his room. He felt at odds with the world and wished he could opt out of his busy life.

He knew he was unlikely to get away with skipping school, so he thought about how to find a perfect excuse. His eyes fell upon the half-read copy of Kafkas Metamorphosis he had left beside his bed, and was pleased. When his stressed mum banged on the bedroom door and yelled that it was time for breakfast, shower and school, he answered:

@I [email protected]

@What kind of nonsense is [email protected] yelled his mum.

@I have been transformed into a giant insect and cant move my arms and legs! I mean my legs and [email protected]

@Ooooohhh please, I dont have time for this stupid game, get out of your room now, and get [email protected]

@You can leave, Ill stay [email protected]

But his mum knew her Kafka well, and was not ready to let go of her eldest son. Vermin or not, he would socialise and be part of the family. And he would go to school.

@[email protected] she yelled at him. @You live in the wrong place and the wrong time! We care about people here in Sweden, no matter what their personal condition is. If you have a minor insectification problem, so be it. I will write and explain to your teacher that you need certain special education tools, and we can find you a hobby that fits your ability as [email protected]

@No! They will bully [email protected]

@Oh no! There is a perfectly functional anti-bullying programme at your school, and you have been working on it [email protected]

@No! I feel [email protected]

@Oh forget it! Fresh air is just the right environment for insects! What kind of bug are you [email protected]

@[email protected]

@Yes, I thought I could send an email to your grandparents, announcing the [email protected]

@[email protected]

@Your siblings have a right to know as well. Shall I go and get one of those nature books, so you can check for [email protected]

@Mum, you are not going to stay outside my room for the rest of the day, are you? Havent you got a job to go [email protected]

@Ill call in sick to take care of my insect [email protected]

@Cant you just leave me [email protected]

@Nope! Ill wait here with an action plan until you open your door and come out! I stick by my children, whatever mess they have gotten themselves [email protected]

@Okay, I give up! It is impossible to be an isolated, grumpy, neglected insect these days, with all those over-active parents and student care teams buzzing around like annoying [email protected]

The young man opened the door, went through his morning rituals, left for school, and did his chores. In the evening, he finished reading Kafka.

@Maybe its not so bad to live here and now after [email protected], he said, smiling in a truly Kafkaesque way.

The story could be true.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
Surreal, inexplicable and unusual, Kafka explores the futility of human existence. Or does he?

Gregor Sansa is turned into a bug and through the process he realises just how insignificant he is, how insignificant we all, ultimately, are in the greater scheme of things. He was his family’s backbone, holding them up, supporting them financially whist they took the easy path. However, when that backbone is removed the unit adapts; it carries on and finds new means of survival. The most important member of the family is swept aside, forgotten about and life continues as it always must. I guess he wasn’t that important after all.

There are so many designs that can be put onto this story, so many interpretations. And this is what Kafka does so well. He leaves you with absolutely nothing, no answers or explanations, only a simple case of this happened and it ended like this. We as readers look for meaning within the narrative because that is how narrative traditionally works. There has to be a point to it all, right? But perhaps that is the point: there is no point. Perhaps by looking too hard we miss what Kafka is trying to say, or not say, with his passive writing.

There are certainly elements of alienation in here, even in the recollections Gregor has before he was turned into a bug. As per the modernist mode, he was isolated from his peers and the world at large. Powerlessness is also another theme that runs through the story. Gregor’s family, and Gregor, cannot stop what is happening. They just have to go on with it and hope to make it through to the other side. A suggestion that no matter how hard we work in life, how much love or success we appear to have, we can be struck down at any moment. Forced into a situation we cannot control, we perish. Such is life.

It would be easy to talk about elements of Kafka’s own biography here, and consider the work’s relevance to events that would eventually happen later in the century, but I think that would be to put too much of a design on the book. His personal feelings about life obviously helped to propel much of his writing. He wrote many strange stories, though Metamorphosis is the most renowned of his work. Utterly compelling, yet bewildering, this isn’t a story that will ever leave the reader. It’s haunting and told with realistic mundanity.

“One morning, as Gregor Samsa was waking up from anxious dreams, he discovered that in his bed he had been changed into a monstrous bug…”

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مشاهده لینک اصلی


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